- Ad hominem – Thou shall not attack the person’s character, but the argument.
- Straw man fallacy – Thou shall not misrepresent or exaggerate a person’s argument in order to make them easier to attack.
- Hasty generalization – Thou shall not use small numbers to represent the whole.
- Begging the question – Thou shall not argue thy position by assuming one of its premises is true.
- Post Hoc/False cause – Thou shall not claim that because something occurred before, it must be the cause.
- False dichotomy – Thou shall not reduce the argument down to two possibilities.
- Ad ignorantum – Thou shall not argue that because of our ignorance, claim must be true or false.
- Burden of proof reversal – Thou shall not lay the burden of proof onto him that is questioning the claim.
- Non sequitur – Thou shall not assume “this” follows “that” when it has no logical connection.
- Bandwagon fallacy – Thou shall not claim that because a premise is popular, therefore it must be true.
thanks to Philosophy Matters
Featured image: Raffaello Sanzio, La Scuola di Atene (1509-11)